Types of Birth Defects

The arrival of a young child is definitely an occasion worth celebrating. However, the happy entry of a young child into the planet can be marred by information of a defect sustained due to a mistake before, during or right after birth. From a modest bruise or a scuff, which needs a simple cure, to a critical problem that can cause life-long anguish and handicap which, subsequently, demand continuous costly treatments, as well as passing – the ramifications of arrival harm is as varied as its several different varieties.

A handful of the birth injuries that are very regularly reported include:

  • Erb’s Palsy – is a type of paralysis of the arm because of trauma of the arm nerves
  • Shoulder Dystocia – a life-threatening ailment wherein after delivery the shoulders of the baby of the head, don’t pass the mother’s pelvis
  • Cerebral Palsy – a disorder characterized by diminished control of the muscles due to injury to the mind before or during arrival
  • Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension (PPHN) – a disorder of the cardiovascular system, which will be a likely result of lack of air in the brain of an infant
  • Birth Brain injuries – is damage to the brain which can affect his/her intellectual skills and bodily of a baby
  • Cranial and spinal-cord damage – a kind of trauma that will cause a newborn to endure long-term disability or death
  • Asphyxia – an ailment defined by not enough air in an infant’s brain, resulting to the body’s organs to severe harm;
  • Umbilical Cord Strangulation – an ailment that could result to departure or brain injury
  • Folic acidity Disorder – an ailment because of the lack of folate, a water-soluble B vitamin. This illness can result in:
  • Spina Bifida – a congenital defect is a condition that frequently ends in paralysis of the legs or psychological handicap
  • Cephalohematoma – is bleeding involving the membrane underneath the cranium along with the skin. This condition is usually due to prolonged labor, use of forceps or utilization of a vacuum extractor
  • Anencephalia – which can be a deadly illness, is characterized by underdeveloped brain
  • Cleft lips and Palate – an opening, typically in the top lip
  • Heart Defects

Some of the reasons for the debilitating ailments endured by infants throughout arrival include:

  • Erroneous selection of shipping method (such as using a vacuum extractor instead of performing a C-section shipping)
  • Failure to immediately treat internal bleeding, lack of oxygen or infection
  • Incorrect kind or dosage of medication to baby or the mom

These errors or failures generally occur when an unexpected complication during delivery happens, such as a surprising change in a baby’s posture. A birth harm occurs when the doctor looking after the patient during labor or when the physician in charge makes an error. Several birth injuries require expensive treatment besides causing discomfort and the baby/kid and his/her family great pain.